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Version: 1.3

Troubleshooting upgrade

Upgrade Flow

For a high level overview of the upgrade workflow, please refer to the image above.

Rancher side

In this example we upgraded the cluster nodes with the following ManagedOSImage definition:

apiVersion: elemental.cattle.io/v1beta1
kind: ManagedOSImage
metadata:
name: my-upgrade
namespace: fleet-default
spec:
# Set to the new Elemental version you would like to upgrade to or track the latest tag
osImage: "registry.suse.com/rancher/elemental-teal/5.4:latest"
clusterTargets:
- clusterName: my-cluster

Once the ManagedOSImage is applied, the elemental-operator will verify it and generate a related Bundle.
The Bundle name will be prefixed with mos and then the ManagedOSImage name. In this case mos-my-upgrade.

In the Bundle definition, you will find the details about the upgrade plan and the desired target.
For example:

kubectl -n fleet-default get bundle mos-my-upgrade -o yaml
Example
apiVersion: fleet.cattle.io/v1alpha1
kind: Bundle
metadata:
creationTimestamp: "2023-06-16T09:01:47Z"
generation: 1
name: mos-my-upgrade
namespace: fleet-default
ownerReferences:
- apiVersion: elemental.cattle.io/v1beta1
controller: true
kind: ManagedOSImage
name: my-upgrade
uid: e468ed21-23bb-487a-a022-dbc7ef753720
resourceVersion: "1038645"
uid: 35e83fc4-28c8-4b10-8059-cae6cdff2cda
spec:
resources:
- content: '{"kind":"ClusterRole","apiVersion":"rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1","metadata":{"name":"os-upgrader-my-upgrade","creationTimestamp":null},"rules":[{"verbs":["update","get","list","watch","patch"],"apiGroups":[""],"resources":["nodes"]},{"verbs":["list"],"apiGroups":[""],"resources":["pods"]}]}'
name: ClusterRole--os-upgrader-my-upgrade-296a3abf3451.yaml
- content: '{"kind":"ClusterRoleBinding","apiVersion":"rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1","metadata":{"name":"os-upgrader-my-upgrade","creationTimestamp":null},"subjects":[{"kind":"ServiceAccount","name":"os-upgrader-my-upgrade","namespace":"cattle-system"}],"roleRef":{"apiGroup":"rbac.authorization.k8s.io","kind":"ClusterRole","name":"os-upgrader-my-upgrade"}}'
name: ClusterRoleBinding--os-upgrader-my-upgrade-f63eaecde935.yaml
- content: '{"kind":"ServiceAccount","apiVersion":"v1","metadata":{"name":"os-upgrader-my-upgrade","namespace":"cattle-system","creationTimestamp":null}}'
name: ServiceAccount-cattle-system-os-upgrader-my-upgrade-ce93d-01096.yaml
- content: '{"kind":"Secret","apiVersion":"v1","metadata":{"name":"os-upgrader-my-upgrade","namespace":"cattle-system","creationTimestamp":null},"data":{"cloud-config":""}}'
name: Secret-cattle-system-os-upgrader-my-upgrade-a997ee6a67ef.yaml
- content: '{"kind":"Plan","apiVersion":"upgrade.cattle.io/v1","metadata":{"name":"os-upgrader-my-upgrade","namespace":"cattle-system","creationTimestamp":null},"spec":{"concurrency":1,"nodeSelector":{},"serviceAccountName":"os-upgrader-my-upgrade","version":"latest","secrets":[{"name":"os-upgrader-my-upgrade","path":"/run/data"}],"tolerations":[{"operator":"Exists"}],"cordon":true,"upgrade":{"image":"registry.suse.com/rancher/elemental-teal/5.4","command":["/usr/sbin/suc-upgrade"]}},"status":{}}'
name: Plan-cattle-system-os-upgrader-my-upgrade-273c2c09afca.yaml
targets:
- clusterName: my-cluster
.
.
.

Elemental Cluster side

Any Elemental Teal node correctly registered and part of the target cluster will fetch the bundle and start applying it.
This operation is performed by the Rancher's system-upgrade-controller running on the Elemental Cluster.
To monitor the correct operation of this controller, you can read its logs:

kubectl -n cattle-system logs deployment/system-upgrade-controller

If everything is correct, the system-upgrade-controller will create an upgrade job for each targeted machine.
The job names will use the Plan name (os-upgrader-my-upgrade) and the target machine hostname (my-host) for easy discoverability.
For example: apply-os-upgrader-my-upgrade-on-my-host-7a25e
You can monitor these jobs with:

kubectl -n cattle-system get jobs

Each job will use a privileged: true container with the Elemental Teal image specified in the ManagedOSImage definition. This container will try to upgrade the system and perform a reboot.

If the job fails, you can check its status by examining the logs:

kubectl -n cattle-system logs job.batch/apply-os-upgrader-my-upgrade-on-my-host-7a25e
Two stages job process

Note that the upgrade process is performed in two stages.
You will notice that the same job is ran twice and the first one ends with the Uknown Status and will not complete.
This is to be expected, as Elemental Teal relies on the job to be ran again after the machine restarts, so that it can verify the new version was installed correctly.
You will notice a second run of the job, this time completing correctly.

kubectl -n cattle-system get jobs 
NAMESPACE NAME COMPLETIONS DURATION AGE
cattle-system apply-os-upgrader-my-upgrade-on-my-host-0b392 1/1 2m34s 6m23s
cattle-system apply-os-upgrader-my-upgrade-on-my-host-7a25e 0/1 6m23s 6m23s
kubectl -n cattle-system get pods 
NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE
apply-os-upgrader-my-upgrade-on-my-host-zbkrh 0/1 Completed 0 9m40s
apply-os-upgrader-my-upgrade-on-my-host-zvrff 0/1 Unknown 0 12m